Current Missions

PCOS Current Missions

Chandra Chandra X-ray Observatory
Launch date: 23 July 1999

The Chandra X-ray Observatory, a NASA Great Observatory, provides the most detailed view to date of the X-ray universe. With its exquisite imaging capabilities and high spectral resolution scientists have investigated phenomena as diverse as the spectra of Jupiter's aurora, the effects of dark energy on the growth of galaxy clusters, and the properties of faint x-ray sources in deep fields.

Fermi Fermi
Launch date: 11 June 2008

The Fermi Gamma-Ray Space Telescope (formerly GLAST) is providing our deepest and most detailed map of the gamma-ray sky. Fermi has recorded high-energy gamma rays produced by supernovae, pulsars, extreme flows of energy from systems powered by black holes, and gamma-ray bursts.

LISA Pathfinder/ST7 LISA Pathfinder/ST7
Launch date: 3 December 2015

LISA Pathfinder is an ESA technology test mission for the eLISA/NGO mission to search for gravitational waves generated by massive objects such as black holes. NASA is contributing one of two payloads, named ST-7.

LISA Pathfinder will pave the way for eLISA/NGO. It will test new methods of spacecraft control and determine if laser interferometry is feasible at the level of accuracy required by eLISA/NGO.

LISA Pathfinder will place two test-masses in a nearly perfect gravitational free-fall, and of controlling and measuring their motion with unprecedented accuracy. This is achieved through state-of-the-art technology comprising inertial sensors, a laser metrology system, a drag-free control system and an ultra-precise micro-propulsion system.

All these technologies are essential not only for eLISA/NGO—they also lie at the heart of any future space-based test of Einstein's General Relativity. LISA Pathfinder is scheduled for launch in 2015.

Final Launch Preparations for LISA Pathfinder: Images of Integration of LISA Pathfinder into VEGA rocket. Photo credit(s): ESA, Manuel Pedoussaut, 2015

Further information is available from ESA LISA Pathfinder News and Highlights.

XMM-Newton XMM-Newton
Launch date: 10 Dec 1999

XMM-Newton, the X-ray Multi-Mirror Mission, is the second cornerstone of the ESA Horizon 2000 program. With high collecting area in the x-ray band, XMM provides vital information for studies of fundamental and relativistic processes from neutron stars and active galactic nuclei, the creation and dispersal of the elements in supernovae, the distribution of dark matter in clusters, groups, and elliptical galaxies, and young active stars to constrain models of the early solar system and star forming regions.

Related Current Missions

The following missions are part of the Explorer Program, but their science is closely related to the Physics of the Cosmos Theme.

Launch date: 13 June 2012
Swift Swift
Launch date: 20 November 2004

Program News

22 Aug 2016
Call for Nominations to the Executive Committee of the Physics of the Cosmos Program Analysis Group (PhysPAG) »  [PDF]
28 July 2016
L3ST Interim Report now available »  [PDF]
14 July 2016
PCOS Newsletter for July 2016 now available »  [PDF]
14 June 2016
LISA Pathfinder First Results Announcements »  Details

Project News

Chandra News
30 Aug 2016
Record-breaking Galaxy Cluster Discovered » Details
Fermi News
12 Aug 2016
NASA's Fermi Mission Expands its Search for Dark Matter » Details
Planck News
13 Aug 2016
First Stars Formed Even Later Than Previously Thought
» Details
XMM-Newton News
29 Aug 2016
XMM-Newton Reveals the Milky Way's Explosive Past » Details

Related News

Hitomi News
6 July 2016
Hitomi Mission Charts Hot Winds of a Galaxy Cluster for the First Time »  Details
28 Jul 2016
Chorus of Black Holes Sings in X-Rays » Details
Suzaku News
26 Aug 2015
X-ray Astronomy Satellite "Suzaku" Completes Scientific Mission » Details
Swift News
8 Sep 2016
Young Magnetar Likely the Slowest Pulsar Ever Detected » Details